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This is Philosophy of Mind: An Introduction. (under contract, in preparation) Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Contents: 1. Meet Your Mind; 2. Substance Dualism; 3. Property Dualism; 4. Idealism, Solipsism, and Panpsychism; 5. Behaviorism and Other Minds; 6. Mind as Brain; 7. Nonhuman Minds: Thinking Machines, Animals, and Aliens; 8. Functionalism; 9. Mental Causation, Epiphenomenalism, and Anomalous Monism; 10. Eliminativism; 11. Perception, Imagination, and Emotion; 12. The Will: Willpower and Freedom; 13. Intentionality and Mental Representation; 14. Consciousness and Qualia; 15. Is This the End? Personal Identity and Immortality
Key Terms in Philosophy of Mind. (2010). London: Continuum.
From the cover: Key Terms in Philosophy of Mind offers a clear, concise and accessible introduction to a central topic in philosophy. The book offers a comprehensive overview of the key terms, concepts, thinkers and major works in the history of this key area of philosophical thought. Ideal for first-year students coming to the subject for the first time, Key Terms in Philosophy of Mind will serve as the ideal companion to the study of this fascinating subject. Pete Mandik provides detailed summaries of all the key concepts in the study of philosophy and the mind. An introductory chapter provides context and background, while the following chapters offer detailed definitions of key terms and concepts, introductions to the work of key thinkers, summaries of key texts and advice on further reading. Designed specifically to meet the needs of students and assuming no prior knowledge of the subject, this is the ideal reference tool for those coming to philosophy of mind for the first time.
The Subjective Brain. (under revision). Linked file contains table of contents and introductory chapter
Contents: 0. Introduction: Consciousness and the Invisible Brain; 1. The Metaphysics of the Neuron; 2. Introspecting Brain States as Such; 3. Beware the Unicorn: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Inexistence; 4. The Neurophilosophy of Consciousness; 5. Transcending Zombies; 6. The Allocentric-Egocentric Interface Theory of Consciousness; 7. Animate Semantics; 8. The Neural Accomplishment of Objectivity; 9. Consciousness Without Subjectivity; 10. Swamp Mary's Revenge
Philosophy and the Neurosciences: A Reader. with William Bechtel, Jennifer Mundale, and Robert Stufflebeam, (Eds.) (2001). Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
By introducing key themes in philosophy of mind, philosophy of science and the basic concepts of neuroscience, this text provides philosophers with the necessary background to engage the neurosciences and offers neuroscientists an introduction to the relevant tools of philosophical analysis.
Cognitive Science: An Introduction to the Mind and Brain with Daniel Kolak, William Hirstein, and Jonathan Waskan. (2006) New York: Routledge.
Contents: 1. Beginning Concepts 2. Windows on the Brain and Mind 3. Perception 4. Thought 5. Action and Emotion 6. Language 7. Consciousness
Objective Subjectivity: Allocentric and Egocentric Representations in Thought and Experience. (2000) Doctoral dissertation, St. Louis, Missouri: Washington University.[preliminary material]
Articles and Chapters
Conscious-state Anti-realism. (in press). In: Munoz-Suarez, C. and De Brigard, F. Content and Consciousness 2.0. Berlin: Springer.
Daniel Dennett's career-spanning work on consciousness culminates in a view that some critics see as denying the very existence of consciousness. While I think it correct to regard Dennett as an anti-realist of sorts about consciousness, his anti-realism is more akin to idealism than a version of consciousness nihilism or eliminativism. Dennett's anti-realism about consciousness is what Dennett calls "first-person operationalism," a thesis that "brusquely denies the possibility in principle of consciousness of a stimulus in the absence of the subject's belief in that consciousness" (Dennett, 1991, p. 132). One of Dennett's most famous arguments toward this conclusion appeals to the alleged empirical underdetermination of theory-choice between "Stalinesque" and "Orwellian" explanations of certain temporal anomalies of conscious experience (pp. 115-126). The explanations conflict over whether the anomalies are due to misrepresentations in memories of experiences (Orwellian) or misrepresentations in the experiences themselves (Stalinesque). David Rosenthal (1995, 2005a, 2005b) has offered that his Higher-order Thought theory of consciousness (hereafter, "HOT theory") can serve as a basis for distinguishing between Orwellian and Stalinesque hypotheses and thus as a basis for resisting first-person operationalism (hereafter, "FPO"). The gist of HOT theory is that one's having a conscious mental state consists in one having a higher-order thought (a HOT) about that mental state. (Such a HOT must also not be apparently arrived at via a conscious inference, but this further constriction on the HOTs that matter for consciousness is of little importance to the present paper.) I'll argue that HOT theory can defend against FPO only on a "relational reading" of HOT theory whereby consciousness consists in a relation between a HOT and an actually-existing mental state. IÕll argue further that this relational reading leaves HOT theory vulnerable to objections such as the Unicorn Argument (Mandik, 2009). To defend against such objections, HOT theory must instead admit of a "nonrelational reading" whereby a HOT alone suffices for a conscious state. Indeed, HOT theorists have been increasingly explicit in emphasizing this nonrelational reading(Rosenthal, 2011)(Weisberg, 2011)(Weisberg, 2010). However, IÕll argue, on this reading HOT theory collapses into a version of FPO.
Mental Colors, Conceptual Overlap, and Discriminating Knowledge of Particulars. (2012). Consciousness and Cognition.21(2), 641Š643. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2011.06.007
I respond to the separate commentaries by Jacob Berger, Charlie Pelling, and David Pereplyotchik on my paper, "Color-Consciousness Conceptualism." I resist Berger's suggestion that mental colors ever enter consciousness without accompaniment by deployments of concepts of their extra-mental counterparts. I express concerns about Pelling's proposal that a more uniform conceptualist treatment of phenomenal sorites can be gained by a simple appeal to the partial overlap of the extensions of some concepts. I question the relevance to perceptual consciousness of the arguments for demonstrative concepts that Pereplyotchik attacks.
Slow Earth and the Slow-switching Slowdown Showdown. ms.
The present paper has three aims. The first and foremost aim is to introduce into philosophy of mind and related areas (philosophy of language, etc) a discussion of Slow Earth, an analogue to the classic Twin Earth scenario that features a difference from aboriginal Earth that hinges on time instead of the distribution of natural kinds. The second aim is to use Slow Earth to call into question the central lessons often alleged to flow from consideration of Twin Earth, lessons having to do with relations of minds to spatially definable boundaries of bodies such as skin or skull. The third aim is to suggest a puzzle for adherents of cognitive content externalism having to do with the metaphysical requirements on slow-switching, a hypothetical process whereby changes in the relations between subjects and their environments are followed by gradual changes in cognitive contents.
Review of Peter Cave's Do Llamas Fall in Love? 33 Perplexing Philosophy Puzzles. Times Higher Education. 2011.02.24.
Review of Martin Cohen's Mind Games: 31 Days to Rediscover Your Brain. Times Higher Education. 2010.12.09.
Behaviorism, Philosophical Conceptions of. (in press) In: Kaldis, B. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Swamp Mary Semantics: A Case for Physicalism Without Gaps. ms.
I argue for the superiority of non-gappy physicalism over gappy physicalism. While physicalists are united in denying an ontological gap between the phenomenal and the physical, the gappy affirm and the non-gappy deny a relevant epistemological gap. Central to my arguments will be contemplation of Swamp Mary, a being physically intrinsically similar to post-release Mary (a physically omniscient being who has experienced red) but has not herself (the Swamp being) experienced red. Swamp Mary has phenomenal knowledge of a phenomenal character not instantiated by any of her past or current mental states. I issue a challenge to gappy physicalists to account for how it is that Swamp Mary can satisfy the psychosemantic requirements on phenomenal knowledge while non-Swamp pre-release Mary cannot. I argue that gappy physicalists cannot meet this psychosemantic challenge.
Transcending Zombies ms.
I develop advice to the reductionist about consciousness in the form of a transcendental argument that depends crucially on the sorts of knowledge claims concerning consciousness that, as crucial elements in the anti-reductionists' epistemic-gap arguments, the anti-reductionist will readily concede. The argument that I develop goes as follows.
Color-Consciousness Conceptualism.(2012). Consciousness and Cognition, 21(2), 617Š631. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2010.11.010
The goal of the present paper is to defend against a certain line of attack the view that conscious experience of color is no more fine-grained that the repertoire of non- demonstrative concepts that a perceiver is able to bring to bear in perception. The line of attack in question is an alleged empirical argument - the Diachronic Indistinguishability Argument (DIA) - based on pairs of colors so similar that they can be discriminated when simultaneously presented but not when presented across a memory delay. My aim here is to show that this argument fails.
The Philosophy of Cognitive Science. (2011). Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy.doi: 10.1093/obo/9780195396577-0019
Supervenience and Neuroscience Synthese [linked file is a draft. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com].
The philosophical technical term "supervenience" is frequently used in the philosophy of mind as a concise way of characterizing the core idea of physicalism in a manner that is neutral with respect to debates between reductive physicalists and nonreductive physicalists. I argue against this alleged neutrality and side with reductive physicalists. I am especially interested here in debates between psychoneural reductionists and nonreductive functionalist physicalists. Central to my arguments will be considerations concerning how best to articulate the spirit of the idea of supervenience. I argue for a version of supervenience, "fine-grained supervenience," which is the claim that if, at a given time, a single entity instantiates two distinct mental properties, it must do so in virtue of instantiating two distinct physical properties. I argue further that despite initial appearances to the contrary, such a construal of supervenience can be embraced only by reductive physicalists.
Swamp Mary's Revenge: Deviant Phenomenal Knowledge and Physicalism. Philosophical Studies [linked file is a draft. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com]
Deviant phenomenal knowledge is knowing what it's like to have experiences of, e.g., red without actually having had experiences of red. Such a knower is a deviant. Some physicalists have argued and some anti-physicalists have denied that the possibility of deviants undermines both anti-physicalism and the Knowledge Argument. The current paper presents new arguments defending the deviant-based attacks on anti-physicalism. Central to my arguments are considerations concerning the psychosemantic underpinnings of deviant phenomenal knowledge. I argue that only physicalists are in a position to account for the conditions in virtue of which states of deviants constitute representations of phenomenal facts.
Control Consciousness. Topics in Cognitive Science. [linked file is a draft.]
Control consciousness is the awareness or experience of seeming to be in control of one's actions. One view, which I will be arguing against in the present paper, is that control consciousness is a form of sensory consciousness. On such a view, control consciousness is exhausted by sensory elements such as tactile and proprioceptive information. An opposing view, which I will be arguing for, is that sensory elements cannot be the whole story and must be supplemented by direct contributions of nonsensory, motor elements. More specifically, I will be arguing for the view that the neural basis of control consciousness is constituted by states of recurrent activation in relatively intermediate levels of the motor hierarchy.
The Neurophilosophy of Subjectivity. In John Bickle (ed.),Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience. New York: Oxford University Press.
The so-called subjectivity of conscious experience is central to much recent work in the philosophy of mind. Subjectivity is the alleged property of consciousness whereby one can know what it is like to have certain conscious states only if one has undergone such states oneself. I review neurophilosophical work on consciousness and concepts pertinent to this claim and argue that subjectivity eliminativism is at least as well supported, if not more supported, than subjectivity reductionism.
Beware of the Unicorn: Consciousness as Being Represented and Other Things that Don't Exist Journal of Consciousness Studies. 16(1). pp. 5-36. [linked file contains uncorrected page proofs. Please cite published version.]
My aim is to raise problems based on intentional inexistence for current philosophical projects that seek to explain phenomenal consciousness in terms of intentionality. I target both Higher-Order Representational theories like Rosenthal's and Carruthers' and First-Order Representational theories like Tye's and Dretske's. I interpret the key common thread of these theories as trying to explain the property of being conscious or being phenomenal in terms of the property of being represented. The key premise in my argument against such theories is that there is no such property as being represented and contemplation of intentional inexistence helps to support this premise. Things that don't exist don't have any properties. They may nonetheless be represented. So whatever representing something consists in, it does not consist in conferring to that thing the property of being represented.
Review of Catherine Malabou's What Should We Do With Our Brain? Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews. 2009.04.27. http://ndpr.nd.edu/review.cfm?id=15887
Type-Q Materialism. (with Josh Weisberg). In Chase Wrenn, ed. Naturalism, Reference, and Ontology: Essays in Honor of Roger F. Gibson , New York: Peter Lang Publishing. pp. 223-246. (linked file contains uncorrected page proofs).
As Gibson (1982) correctly points out, despite Quine's brief flirtation with a "mitigated phenomenalism" (Gibson's phrase) in the late 1940's and early 1950's, Quine's ontology of 1953 ("On Mental Entities") and beyond left no room for non-physical sensory objects or qualities. Anyone familiar with the contemporary neo-dualist qualia-freak-fest might wonder why Quinean lessons were insufficiently transmitted to the current generation. Chalmers (1996a, 2003a) has been a prominent member of the neo-dualists, though he does not leave Quine unmentioned. Neo-dualist arguments proceed by inferring from an epistemic gap between the physical and the phenomenal to an ontological gap between the physical and the phenomenal. Chalmers sorts various materialist responses to these arguments as follows: Type-A materialism denies that there's any epistemic gap in the first place. Type-B materialism accepts that there is an epistemic gap, but denies that the epistemic gap entails any ontological gap. Type-C materialism is like type-B materialism except it thinks the epistemic gap in question is only temporary. Type-Q materialism (Q for "Quine"), according to Chalmers (2003a), rejects the kinds of distinctions needed to formulate both the neo-dualist arguments and the type-A , type-B, and type-C materialist responses to them. Such rejected distinctions include the conceptual vs. the empirical, the a priori vs. the a posteriori, and the contingent vs. the necessary. Chalmers (2003a, 123) charges Type-Q materialism with being incapable of avoiding the problems alleged to arise for the types from earlier in the alphabet. The aim of the current paper is to argue the contrary point that Quineans are inoculated against these so-called problems. We spell out how Quinean allegiance to holism and pragmatic criteria for ontic commitment protect Type-Q materialism from the complaints of the qualia-freaks.
L'exploit neurologique de l'objectivite [The Neural Accomplishment of Objectivity]. In: Pierre Poirier and Luc Faucher (eds.) DES NEUROSCIENCES A LA PHILOSOPHIE: Neurophilosophie et philosophie des neurosciences . Paris: Syllepse.
An Epistemological Theory of Consciousness?. In Alessio Plebe & vivian M. De La Cruz (eds.), Philosophy in the Neuroscience Era. pp.136-158.
This article tackles problems concerning the reduction of phenomenal consciousness to brain processes that arise in consideration of specifically epistemological properties that have been attributed to conscious experiences. In particular, various defenders of dualism and epiphenomenalism have argued for their positions by assuming special epistemic access to phenomenal consciousness. Many physicalists have reacted to such arguments by denying the epistemological premises. My aim in this paper is to take a different approach in opposing dualism and argue that when we correctly examine both the phenomenology and neural correlates of phenomenal consciousness we will see that granting the epistemological premises of special access are the best hope for a scientific study of consciousness. I argue that essential features of consciousness involve both their knowability by the subject of experience as well as their egocentricity, that is, their knowability by the subject as belonging to the subject. I articulate a neuroscientifically informed theory of phenomenal consciousness - the Allocentric-Egocentric Interface theory of consciousness - whereby states of recurrent cortical networks satisfy criteria for an epistemological theory of consciousness. The resultant theory shows both how the epistemological assumptions made by dualists are sound but lead to a reductive account of phenomenal consciousness.
Cognitive Cellular Automata. In Complex Biological Systems: Applications in Real Life. Icfai University Press.
In this paper I explore the question of how artificial life might be used to get a handle on philosophical issues concerning the mind-body problem. I focus on questions concerning what the physical precursors were to the earliest evolved versions of intelligent life. I discuss how cellular automata might constitute an experimental platform for the exploration of such issues, since cellular automata offer a unified framework for the modeling of physical, biological, and psychological processes. I discuss what it would take to implement in a cellular automaton the evolutionary emergence of cognition from non-cognitive artificial organisms. I review work on the artificial evolution of minimally cognitive organisms and discuss how such projects might be translated into cellular automata simulations.
The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. (with Andrew Brook)Analyse & Kritik 29(1): 382-397.[the linked file contains the uncorrected page proofs].
A movement dedicated to applying neuroscience to traditional philosophical problems and using philosophical methods to illuminate issues in neuroscience began about twenty-five years ago. Results in neuroscience have affected how we see traditional areas of philosophical concern such as perception, belief-formation, and consciousness. There is an interesting interaction between some of the distinctive features of neuroscience and important general issues in the philosophy of science. And recent neuroscience has thrown up a few conceptual issues that philosophers are perhaps best trained to deal with. After sketching the history of the movement, we explore the relationships between neuroscience and philosophy and introduce some of the specific issues that have arisen.
Evolving Artificial Minds and Brains. (with Mike Collins and Alex Vereschagin). In: Andrea Schalley and Drew Khlentzos (eds.) Mental States, Vol. 1: Nature, Function, Evolution. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishers.[pdf of uncorrected proofs] [html of penultimate draft]
We explicate representational content by addressing how representations that explain intelligent behavior might be acquired through processes of Darwinian evolution. We present the results of computer simulations of evolved neural network controllers and discuss the similarity of the simulations to real-world examples of neural network control of animal behavior. We argue that focusing on the simplest cases of evolved intelligent behavior, in both simulated and real organisms, reveals that evolved representations must carry information about the creature's environments and further can do so only if their neural states are appropriately isomorphic to environmental states. Further, these informational and isomorphism relations are what are tracked by content attributions in folk-psychological and cognitive scientific explanations of these intelligent behaviors.
Shit Happens. Episteme: The Journal of Social Epistemology.4 (2).[the linked file contains the uncorrected page proofs].
In this paper I embrace what Brian Keeley calls in "Of Conspiracy Theories" the absurdist horn of the dilemma for philosophers who criticize such theories. I thus defend the view that there is indeed something deeply epistemically wrong with conspiracy theorizing. My complaint is that conspiracy theories apply intentional explanations to situations that give rise to special problems concerning the elimination of competing intentional explanations.
Picturing, Showing, and Solipsism in Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Analysis and Metaphysics 6(1).
In this paper I attempt to show how Wittgenstein's Tractatarian views on solipsism follow from a certain construal and elaboration of the picture theory of intentionality. I do this by first reconstructing Wittgenstein's famous distinction between showing and saying in terms of the key notion of the picture theory: that intentionality is equivalent to resemblance. I interpret the distinction between showing and saying as a distinction between two different ways that facts can manifest intentionality. It is only with this construal of the distinction in hand that Wittgenstein's remarks on solipsism can be properly understood.
The Neurophilosophy of Consciousness. In Max Velmans and Susan Schneider (eds.) The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
The neurophilosophy of consciousness brings neuroscience to bear on philosophical issues concerning phenomenal consciousness, especially issues concerning what makes mental states conscious, what it is that we are conscious of, and the nature of the phenomenal character of conscious states. Here attention is given largely to phenomenal consciousness as it arises in vision. The relevant neuroscience concerns not only neurophysiological and neuroanatomical data, but also computational models of neural networks. The neurophilosophical theories that bring such data to bear on the core philosophical issues of phenomenal conscious construe consciousness largely in terms of representations in neural networks associated with certain processes of attention and memory.
The Introspectability of Brain States as Such. In Brian Keeley, (ed.) Paul M. Churchland: Contemporary Philosophy in Focus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bickle, John, Mandik, Peter, Landreth, Anthony, (2006). The Philosophy of Neuroscience. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2006 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.).
Phenomenal Consciousness and the Allocentric-Egocentric Interface in R. Buccheri et al. (eds.); Endophysics, Time, Quantum and the Subjective. World Scientific Publishing Co.
I propose and defend the Allocentric-Egocentric Interface Theory of Consciousness. Mental processes form a hierarchy of mental representations with maximally egocentric (self-centered) representations at the bottom and maximally allocentric (other-centered) representations at the top. Phenomenally conscious states are states that are relatively intermediate in this hierarchy. More specifically, conscious states are hybrid states that involve the reciprocal interaction between relatively allocentric and relatively egocentric representations. Thus a conscious state is composed of a pair of representations interacting at the Allocentric-Egocentric Interface. What a person is conscious of is determined by what the contributing allocentric and egocentric representations are representations of. The phenomenal character of conscious states is identical to the representational content of the reciprocally interacting egocentric and allocentric representations.
Action Oriented Representation. In: Brook, Andrew and Akins, Kathleen (eds.) Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [html] [pdf]
Mandik, Pete and Brook, Andrew. (2005). Introduction. In: Brook, Andrew and Akins, Kathleen (eds.) Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mandik, Pete. (2005). Gareth Evans. In: The Dictionary of Twentieth-Century British Philosophers. Bristol, UK: Thoemmes Continuum.
Varieties of Representation in Evolved and Embodied Neural Networks. Biology and Philosophy. 18 (1): 95-130.
Synthetic Neuroethology. Metaphilosophy. 33 (1-2): 11-29. Reprinted in CyberPhilosophy: The Intersection of Philosophy and Computing, James H. Moor and Terrell Ward Bynum, (eds.), : Blackwell, 2002.
Representational Parts. (with Rick Grush) Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. 1 (4): 389-394.
Mandik, Pete and Clark, Andy. (2002). Selective Representing and World Making. Minds and Machines 12(3): 383-395.
Mandik, Pete and Bechtel, William. (2002). Philosophy of Science. In: Nadel, Lynn (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London: Macmillan.
Mental Representation and the Subjectivity of Consciousness. Philosophical Psychology 14 (2): 179-202.
Mandik, Pete. (2001) Points of View from the Brain's Eye View: Subjectivity and Neural Representation. Philosophy and the Neurosciences: A Reader. (Eds.) William Bechtel, Pete Mandik, Jennifer Mundale, and Robert Stufflebeam, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Bechtel, William, Mandik, Pete, and Mundale, Jennifer (2001). Philosophy Meets the Neurosciences. In: Bechtel W, Mandik P, Mundale J, and Stufflebeam RS (eds.) Philosophy and the neurosciences: A reader. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
A combination of neuroscience and philosophy may raise the eyebrows of more than a few neuroscientists and philosophers, not to mention the lay reader. But upon a bit of reflection, the connection becomes quite clear. Philosophers have long been concerned to think about thinking, and the mind in general. Among their concerns is the question of the relation of mental phenomena to physical reality. Is the human soul the sort of thing that can survive the destruction of the body? In a world of causes and effects, what room can there be for free will? Such questions are the natural province of philosophers, but are not theirs alone. Recent centuries have witnessed an explosion of scientific approaches to the topic of the mind, among them cognitive neuroscience. In addition to addressing the many versions of the age-old question of the relation of mind to brain, the cognitive neurosciences raise many novel questions of interest to philosophers. In this chapter we provide a historical sketch of developments in philosophy and neuroscience that eventuated in their contemporary interaction. This chapter also provides broad backgrounds on two major areas in contemporary philosophy that are especially pertinent to neurophilosophical investigation: the philosophy of science and the philosophy of mind.
Qualia, Space, and Control. Philosophical Psychology 12 (1): 47-60.
Bickle, John and Mandik, Pete. (1999). The Philosophy of Neuroscience. In: Zalta, Edward (ed.) The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/neuroscience/
Mandik, Pete. (1999) Objectivity/Subjectivity. The Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind. http://www.uniroma3.it/kant/field/
Mandik, Pete. (1998) Objectivity Without Space. The Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy, Special Issue on the Philosophy of Gareth Evans. http://ejap.louisiana.edu/EJAP/1998/mandik98.html.
Mandik, Pete. (1998) Handlung und Erfahrung: Ueber die konstitutive Rolle motorischer Kontrolle bei der Erzeugung raeumlicher Qualia [Action and Experience: On the Constitutive Role of Motor Control in the Generation of Spatial Qualia]. In Bewusstsein und Repraesentation [Consciousness and Representation] (eds.) Heinz-Dieter Heckman and Frank Esken. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schoningh.
Mandik, Pete. (1997) Ten Problems of Consciousness: A Representational Theory of the Phenomenal Mind, Michael Tye. Philosophical Psychology. 10 (1): 127-129.
Fine-grained Supervenience, Cognitive Neuroscience, and the Future of Functionalism. Unpublished.
Consciousness Without Subjectivity. Long Version. Presented at University of Cincinnati 44th Annual Philosophy Colloquium: The Churchlands (May 16, ). Short Version. Presented at Toward a Science of Consciousness 2008, Tucson, Arizona (April 11, 2008).
Consciousness and the Computational Interface Between Egocentric and Allocentric Representations. Presented at Neurophilosophy: The State of the Art. Caltech. (June 21, 2005)
On the Alleged Transparency of Conscious Experience. Presented at the CUNY Graduate Center Philosophy Colloquium Series (March 2, 2005)
Reductive and Representational Explanation in Synthetic Neuroethology. Presented at the CUNY Graduate Center Cognitive Science Symposium and Discussion Group (December 10, 2004)
Lectures on Sellars and Quine
The following are links to my powerpoint slides from my lectures on Wilfrid Sellars' Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind and W.V.O Quine's Word and Object for my Spring 2006 course "Contemporary Analytic Philosophy" (PHIL 300-01, William Paterson University).
Lecture 1: Intro to Sellars & Quine
Lecture 2: Sellars Intro and Ch I
Lecture 3: Sellars Ch II
Lecture 4: Sellars Chs III & IV
Lecture 5: Sellars Chs V & VI
Lecture 6: Sellars Chs VII & VIII
Lecture 7: Sellars Ch IX
Lecture 8: Sellars Chs X & XI
Lecture 9: Sellars ChXII
Lecture 10: Sellars Chs XIII & XIV
Lecture 11: Sellars Chs XV & XVI
Lecture 12: Quine Ch I, Secs 1-3
Lecture 13: Quine Ch I, Secs 4-6
Lecture 14: Quine Ch II, Secs 7-11
Lecture 15: Quine Ch II, Secs 12-16
Lecture 16: Quine Ch III, Secs 17-21
Lecture 17: Quine Ch III, Secs 22-25
Lecture 18: Quine Ch IV, Secs 26-32
Lecture 19: Quine Ch V, Secs 33-35
Lecture 20: Quine Ch V, Secs 36-39
Lecture 21: Quine Ch VI, Secs 40-43
Lecture 22: Quine Ch VI, Secs 44-47
Lecture 23: Quine Ch VII, secs 48-52
Lecture 24: Quine Ch VII, secs 53-56
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