“A Cross-Order Integration Hypothesis for the Neural Correlate of Consciousness ” by Uriah Kriegel, University of Arizona and University of Sydney.
Abstract. One major problem many hypotheses regarding the neural correlate of consciousness (NCC) face is what we might call â€œthe why questionâ€: why would this particular neural feature, rather than another, correlate with consciousness? The purpose of the present paper is to develop a NCC hypothesis that answers this question. The proposed hypothesis is inspired by the Cross-Order Integration (COI) theory of consciousness, according to which consciousness arises from the functional integration of a first-order representation of an external stimulus and a second-order representation of that first-order representation. The proposal comes in two steps. The first step concerns the â€œgeneral shapeâ€ of the NCC and can be directly derived from COI theory. The second step is a concrete hypothesis that can be arrived at by combining the general shape with empirical considerations.